Da Ye Zhong

Da Ye Zhong is on the one hand the original tea plant Camellia sinensis var. assamica, of which various sub-varieties are nowadays grown in different places. On the other hand many varieties of the Camellia sinensis var. sinensis with comparatively large leaves are also known as Da Ye Zhong in China.

Da Ya Zhong as sub-varieties of the Camellia sinensis var. assamica. :
  • Qiao Mu Da Ye Zhong (“Old tea trees Big Leaf Varietal”): in the original areas used for raw Pu Er and in Wuzhou, Guangxi, for Heicha (Liu Bao Cha).
  • Meng Ku Da Ye Zhong ("Big Leaf Varietal from Mengku") is the local variety in the region around Mengku that differs from the other Yunnan Dayezhong varieties. There are Young as well as old trees. Used for Pu Er and black tea.
  • Da Li Cha: is the Chinese name of Camellia taliensis, a species of camellia at the same level as the tea plant Camellia sinensis. Dalicha is also called "wild tea".
  • Da Ye Zhong: Continued evolution and growing from old tea trees in Yunnan which are used for raw and fermented Pu Er as well as black tea (Dian Hong) and green tea as well as in some provinces for Heicha (post-fermented teas).
    In India and other tea growing regions that were formerly colonized one finds mostly varieties stemming from the var. assamica or crossbreeds of the two varieties var. assamica and var. sinensis.
  • Feng Qing Da Ye Zhong is a local tea-plant variety of the Da Ye Zhong from Fengqing, which is used for Yunnan black teas (Dian Hong). And analogous to the Xiao Ya Zhong there is the Ben Di Tu Pin Zhong (local earth variety), as an old, local variety.
  • Feng Qing Qing Shui 3 Hao, Feng Qing 7 Hao, Hua Feng 4 Hao, Yun Kang 10 Hao are all further developments of the Da Ye Zhong varietal used for black teas (Dian Hong).
  • Xue Ya 100 Hao is a newly bred variety from Jingdong, resulting from a selection from a bush of local varieties of Dayezhong.
  • An Hua Yun Tai Shan Da Ye Zhong (“Anhua Cloud Platform Mountain Big Leaf Varietal”): a local varietal of Da Ye Zhong in Hunan used for Heicha.
  • Wu Chuan Da Shu Cha (Big-Tree-Tea from Wuchuan) is an old varietal from Wuchuan county in Guizhou province. It's cultivated in both Guizhou and Sichuan provinces and is used for Heicha. These teas often are exportet to Tibet, and are therefore named Zang Cha, meaning Tibet-Tea.
  • E Nan Shan Qu Qing Mao Cha (“South Hubei Mountain Region Green Unfinished Tea”): a local breeding for Heicha.
  • E Cha 9 Hao (Hubei Tea Nr. 9) is a variety from Hubei province that has been bred from the local variety Yi Chang Da Ye Cha. It is more resistant to the cold and to pests while having a higher yield.
  • Ying De 9 Hao (Yingde Nr. 9) has been selected and reproduced from 22 tea tree seeds, which have been brought from Yunnan to Yingde in 1956: thus the variety is Da Ye Zhong, which has naturally adapted to the Terroir of Yingde. It is used to produce black tea (Ying De Hong Cha).
Da Ye Zhong as in sub-varieties of the Camellia sinensis var. sinensis with large leaves:
  • Shi Da Cha (“Kaki Big Tea”) is the plant variety with extra big leaves used for the green tea named Tai Ping Hou Kui.
  • Song Luo Zhong (“Pine Lichen Varietal”) is the plant varietal for the green tea named Song Luo Cha.
  • Huang Shan Da Ye Zhong (Variety with large leaves from the yellow mountains) is a variety with large leaves from the yellow mountains in the province Anhui, which are mostly used for green teas.
  • Yang Shu Lin Zhong (aspen-wood variety) is a local variety from Qimen that has been developed in 1932. In the province Anhui it is used for green teas (e.g. Huang Shan Pine Needle).
  • Da Hua Ping Ji Zhong (variety from the village Jinji of the municipality Dahuaping); a local breed from the region Huoshan for yellow tea, introduced in 1982.